Clean and lean: Battery metals demand from electrifying cars, vans and buses

A T&E study analyses the demand for battery raw materials, notably lithium, nickel, cobalt and manganese, between 2023 and 2050. Cutting battery sizes, improving chemistries and reducing private car journeys can cut expected consumption 36-49% by 2050

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Clean and lean: Battery metals demand from electrifying cars, vans and buses
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